区块链资金盘骗局:花式奖励拉人头,花十几万就可割韭菜

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The player said that it is like drumming and spreading flowers. I don't know who will collapse when I pick up.

Li Qiang (a pseudonym) still does not want to believe that he actually stepped on the thunder. "I am a bitcoin miner. I have seen hundreds of funds and I have bypassed a lot of pits. I didn't expect it to be planted in the wave field (super) community."

After Tokenstore, which was registered with 800,000 members, was smashed, the “Today's first-largest market” PlusToken and the wavefield super-community that claimed to be related to the wave field were suspected to collapse, completely stunned the people in the currency circle. ".

"There was news of all kinds of funds running around, but I always thought that the two of them were definitely no problem." A coin player told reporters.

In fact, the core feature of these funds is to use high rebates to attract players to the head. "This kind of project is like drumming, you never know (project) collapses when you take the order, but the only certainty is that the person who gets in the late, the greater the risk." One investor described it.

The player is not ignorant of the relationship, just gambling with the "disk master", gambling who runs fast. The Beijing News reporter found that although the roads are frequent, the funds are still active. If you spend more than 100,000 yuan, you can become a "distributor" and then "cut the leek."

The fund disk refers to the form of network marketing in which the east wall is replenished by the east wall and the member's money is paid to the former members in the form of capital circulation. Chen Yunfeng, a senior partner of Zhong Lun Wende Law Firm, has publicly stated that there are three main reasons why the blockchain will be favored by the fund: anonymity, high heat, and overlapping users.

On June 28th, Beijing Internet Finance Industry Association released《关于继续警惕投资虚拟货币市场的风险提示》to remind investors to enhance their awareness of risk prevention.

The Beijing News reporter learned that at present, there are still many projects suspected of pyramid schemes in operation, and some people have told reporters that they are actively participating in the construction of new discs.

xxSince the evening of June 30, the APP of the Wave Field Super Community can only be opened and cannot be logged in. Some players query the wave currency stored on the platform and find that the suspect has been transferred.

Li Qiang said that the reward system and operation mechanism of the wave field super community are not fundamentally different from other funds. However, because the project is advertised as a close relationship with the wave field and Sun Yuchen, it feels “reliable”.

Sun Yuchen, the founder of the wave field, was called "Ma Yun's youngest disciple" by some media. His most recent concentrated exposure was the auction of the Buffett Charity Luncheon at a record-breaking price in early June.

The “Wave Field Super Community” has been declared to be a project by uTorrent, and uTorrent is one of the 27 super representatives of the wave field.

A project propaganda material provided by a player to the reporter, "μTorrent Super Community, get a reward of ten dollars from the wave field, and take out 9 rewards to the wave powder added to the uTorrent super node. Because these small nodes join, super Nodes will get more rewards and benefits."

What makes players more convinced is that in addition to the 13 core members of the community in May this year, in addition to the 13 core members of the community, there is also a so-called μTorrent Super Community Operations Manager Jeffe.

"We found the nodes in the publicity materials, and there are also endorsements by the operation manager. We naturally believe that this platform is related to the wave field." Li Qiang said that it was during the photo of May that he finally decided to join the platform.

The reporter asked the wave field official website to find that uTorrent is indeed one of the 27 super representatives of the wave field. But it is worth noting that the name of the wave field super community is “μTorrent Super Community”.

xx并且“uTorrent”和“μTorrent”是同一个社区吗?孙雨辰在回答今年6月12日网友的提问时说:“这个诈骗者显然玩了一个文字游戏。你怎么读你的?”

在7月1日早晨,在APP涉嫌运行的第二天,孙雨辰发布了一份微博,以警告资金风险,并促使投资者对资金风险保持警惕。 “作为世界上最着名的公共连锁企业之一,世界(不限于中国)有一些项目以波浪的名义制造一个纯粹的基金盘,这与索罗斯巴菲特的正义马云的”投资“相同MLM每天。我们的态度很明确,官方不支持MLM,基金盘,每个人都要警惕MLM和资金,并且一定要注意资金的安全。“

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7月9日,波浪领域发表公开声明称,所谓的“波场超级社区”利用TRON,BitTorrent和uTorrent波场的官方名称进行大量回扣,开展非法和犯罪活动。波场TRON官员表达了对被欺骗者的情绪和情况的理解和同情,并坚决反对区块链技术蝎子的所有金字塔计划和基金交易行为;自2019年1月以来,人们发现“波场超级社区”使用了波浪。自官方TRON官方基金诈骗以来,浪潮TRON正式传言通过微信群,微博官方渠道,微博群和颤音频道,引导投资者防范诈骗,注重资金安全;关于谣言或波浪领域官员的谣言有传言称,波场官方保留追究亵渎和谣言的法律责任的权利。

词语的区别在于“李薇”和“李贵”之间的区别。

记者在多个浪潮领域的超级社区权利组织中发现,大多数玩家以前认为该项目是“孙雨辰的项目”,因此他们充满信心地进入游戏。

According to the statistics of players in the rights group, the player has reached hundreds of thousands in five months. According to the recent unit price of about 0.24 yuan, the amount involved is nearly 1 billion yuan.

Such a rapid expansion in a short period of time is related to the pyramid scheme of the wave field super community.

Wang Bo (pseudonym) came into contact with the wave field super community because of his multiple funds on the WeChat group. In May of this year, the reward system promoted by the project participants (that is, his later "home") impressed him.

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According to the reward system issued in the wave field super community promotion group, the income consists of two parts, static income and promotion reward.

First, the user is divided into three categories according to the number of wave field coins (TRX) activated by the user on the APP: the user whose activation number is 1000-30000 is the first level node; the activation number 30001-100000 is the second level node. The number of activations above 100,000 is a level 3 node. The node is the user's level, and the later revenue is directly related to the user level. The static return is the node bonus award, and the wave field currency is deposited into the wave field super community APP to obtain interest. The current rebate level is generally 0.8% per day.

"I want to worry about bitcoin today, the price is low, the price is low tomorrow, this project has static income, the income level is reasonable, I am more practical," Wang Bo said.

What makes him even more excited is that, besides dividends, if he can successfully recommend the project to "the next home," the income will be higher. According to the reward mechanism, after the “next home” stores the wave currency on the APP and activates it, Wang Bo’s promotion fee will be divided into two parts: a one-time promotion award, calculated by “next home” to activate the number of TRX multiplied by the corresponding The rebate ratio, from one to three nodes, the rebate ratio is 5%, 10%, 15%. "I am a secondary node. The person I recommend saves 1000 coins. The ratio I get is 1000×10%," Wang Bo explained.

xx促销费的另一部分每天生成。根据下属成员的日常静态收入,项目方将给予参与者社区运营奖励。代数由参与者的级别决定。以下成员的每日节点股息数量基于TRX的数量:第一级节点的折扣为20%;第二代节点的第一代折扣为20%,第二代为10%;第一代的折扣金额为20%,第二代的折扣金额为10%,第三代的折扣金额为20%。

除上述奖项外,还有所谓的表演奖,独家促销激活奖,新表现奖,扩展运营奖+表演奖,团体所有者奖,支持奖,BTT空投奖等。 “这些奖励的目的是让你吸引更多的人,”王波说。

然而,这样的奖励机制确实鼓励许多玩家积极发展“下一个家”。一名球员表示,他投资了300万人民币,并开发了近百个“下一个家”。 “下一个家”的累计投资额达到1000多万。

王博发展了80多个“下一个家”是他的“自给自足的口袋”:王波给了每个人1000个额外硬币的APP。根据近期波动货币0.24元的价格,他寄出的波浪货币价值约为2万元。 “这是让每个人都体验它。如果他们感觉良好,他们可以继续补充他们的钱。”

他告诉记者,如果算上各种促销奖励的奖励,你就可以在一年左右的时间里“退还这本书”。如果你有“家”给自己充电,速度会更快。

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张磊(化名)手机在微信集团的50多个基金上差不多24小时响了,人们不断推荐新项目。

随着今年3月货币圈的复苏,很多基金已经开始活跃起来。

张磊在今年年初开始投入资金,并在十几个基金中投入了200多万资金。有些项目相对幸运,有些人接管,有些项目已经逃跑,没有回报。 “折腾了将近半年,几乎没有得到任何补偿。”

最近,他开始变得更加谨慎,“主要是因为上周或者两周的资金不仅有大量资金,而且规模也很大。”

除了上面提到的波场超级社区,它被称为“货币圈中的第一大市场”,基金规模为200亿的PlusToken也被怀疑最近崩溃。

根据玩家赵明(化名)的介绍,PlusToken一直声称它是一种“货币平衡宝”,智能地移动砖钱包,即通过多次交换,利用高点差来买低利润。类似于波浪场超级社区,PlusToken也非常“慷慨”以“拉头”。该帐户分为四个级别。直接推送层可以分为100%全奖励,第二到十层可以分为10%。奖励,10楼15%的折扣。它只需要用户以500美元的价格打开智能狗,然后继续开发离线产品线。一旦达到“初始”水平,它将获得150万美元的奖励。

“当时,我投入了50万元。我的家人告诉我,复利每年可以赚300多万元。”赵明说,今年4月,她在朋友中推出了50万的PlusToken。

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据湖南省地方财政监督管理局官方网站报道,事实上,早在今年3月,长沙市天心区文苑派出所就已对当地“PlusToken区块链钱包”宣传窝点进行了查处。警方表示,以区块链名义的“PlusToken区块链钱包”收取门槛费,离线开发和各级奖励,并具有金字塔计划的典型特征。

还有一个名为“Bit Dog”的平台,将MLM资金打包成区块链娱乐宠物平台。根据平台,“Bit Dog”是由“Dogcoin”开发团队和游戏开发公司以及美国Bitdog游戏基金会共同开发的区块链娱乐宠物平台。根据平台数据,“Bit Dog”体验版自6月5日起不到一个月推出,参与者已超过20,000人,每天新增2000多人。

它的运作方式也与“拉头”不可分割。 “比特犬”平台规定,参赛者需要被推荐人注册为常规会员。普通会员想通过喂养“比特狗”采矿赚钱,你需要先通过推荐人创建一个“比特狗”账户,并支付99元采用“比特犬”。然后买一个喂食包喂“狗”。在喂食过程中,“比特狗”可以通过每天挖掘生成BTGS虚拟货币。

记者发现,许多平台最引人注目的特点是鼓励玩家通过分层奖励机制离线开发。

“因为这些项目没有实际业务,如果你想让板块更大,你必须继续赚钱。一些进来的钱用于支付早期阶段的高回扣。目的是吸引更多人进入游戏,另一部分是“兑现”。一旦资金盘没有足够的资金来支付提款,它就会基本崩溃,“张磊说。

律师王德义表示,部分资金正在运作中,并通过线下和双付方式的发展得到推动。这些资金不受实际项目或产品的支持。

财经评论员肖磊认为,资金盘其实是传销的一种变体,由于很多标的具有标准化和交易的便捷性,导致资金盘能够在很短的时间内吸引更多的资金聚集,比以前靠拉人头的方式来集资的方式危害更大。传销的话有很多法律层面的界定,比如超过三级返利体系等,但目前看,资金盘往往更具有隐蔽性,但可以达到传销的效果,由于拉盘导致前期进入的人更容易获利,这些人为了更多人进来拉盘,就会用拉人头的方式去传销式营销,跟传销的本质逻辑是一致的。

“你知不知道,这些项目做的是传销?”面对记者的提问,张磊显得并不介意,“目前很多区块链资金盘都是这样,你可以认为它是传销,但我认为也会有真正在做事情的项目方,我也能赚到钱。”

“实际上这类项目,就像击鼓传花,你永远不知道(项目)在谁接盘的时候就崩了。不过唯一可以确定的是,越晚入局的人,风险越大”,王波说

钱浩(化名)是一位比特币场外交易员,在之前的一场“非吸案”中,被卷走了200多万。最近,他对记者表示,开始考虑参与资金盘,并拉了一个百人的微信群准备推介项目。

“我之前认识了一个打算当‘盘主’运作资金盘的人,我打算作为早期参与者投资,也帮他拉人头。”钱浩说

据他介绍,发行一款虚拟数字货币就是坐庄,目前有一些“外包商”提供矿机,每天能产出币,同时还提供资金盘APP开发的服务,可以帮庄家设计交易系统。系统可以租用国外的服务器,把APP和网站都存储在国外。

XX"In fact, it is very simple. Generally, an outsourcer can help you design a fund disk for more than 100,000 yuan. It is generally packaged into wealth management products. Recently, this kind of (finance) is very much," Qian Hao said.

Qian Hao said that when the owner can not only charge the transaction fee, but also the currency can be sold in the early stage, and the price difference will be sold after the price rises. And the early investors like them will also co-operate with the dealer and then actively promote the group. In response to how to raise the price of the virtual currency, he said, "It is still necessary to give people a project with a promising future. The demand is in short supply, and the price will rise."

Will you worry about the project running? Qian Hao said that even if the project ran away, he would not lose money. In his view, he is an early member of the "playing the world" with the banker, and he wants to sell the coin to the high point with the owner. Therefore, the benefits are similar in the short term. “The dealer feels that he has earned enough, and the project is indeed possible to go offline, but I have already withdrawn since then. This kind of project is gambling, and it’s better to fight faster than the owner,” he said.

When the reporter asked about the name of the project, he said that he would not disclose it, but he has prepared the white paper and will be online soon.

Blockchain investor Wang Feng (pseudonym) said that in fact, the operation of the fund is very similar. In the early days of launching the new disk, they will not only sell high amounts of virtual currency to the market, but also give dozens of times to the previous investors. The rate of return makes it "taste the sweetness." As a result, more people will invest in it and spend more money. However, when the owner feels that he has earned enough, the fund will become a "dead disk", and investors can not withdraw cash.

“What's more, the owner may open a new disk and let the part of the investor's funds that were “stuck” by the previous fund to start the new operation. At this time, some investors may even pay for it. 'Re-lived' and overjoyed, may re-invest in the mentality of recovering losses," Wang Feng said.

According to the reporter's investigation, there are still many projects with MLM nature in operation.

xx亲朋好友介绍,进退两难

记者通过在PLUSTOKEN,波场超级社区的多个维权群中观察发现,与大多数传销类似,很多参与者都是经亲人,朋友介绍加入的。这就导致在项目跑路时,不少人表示如果报警,“感觉对不住亲朋好友,怕最后查起来,让他们被罚钱,甚至面临牢狱之灾”。但是,不报警又想追回本金,因此进退两难。

也有玩家会在群中公开劝告:“有没有想过,主动报案协助调查,和包庇犯罪的区别,还有报案可以以传销,非法集资来追回自己的资金早报案,早追回,控制团队头目。”一些投资人决定报案。

实际上,早在2017年9月,央行,银监会,证监会等七部门就发布了《关于防范代币发行融资风险的公告》,公告明确表示,任何代币融资交易平台不得从事法定货币与代币,虚拟货币相互之间的兑换业务,不得买卖,不得为代币或虚拟货币提供定价,信息中介等服务。

该公告还指出,代币本质上是一种未经批准非法公开融资的行为,涉嫌非法发售代币票券,非法发行证券以及非法集资,金融诈骗,传销等违法犯罪活动。

知名律所合伙人肖飒公开建议投资人要收集证据。为了后续的维权道路,最现实的是收集一切自己与该平台之间存在的关系,比如平台充值,投资明细记录截图,加盖公章的银行流水等。其次,由于这种案件属于涉众案件,单独一个投资人遇到的问题可能代表不了什么,但是如果很多人都存在类似的情况,那么可以建立维权群交流情况,分享信息,也方便去公安局办案,引起重视。

XX根据此案的罪行,律师事务所的律师王德义表示,根据《最高人民检察院、公安部关于公安机关管辖的刑事案件立案追诉标准的规定(二)》:[资助欺诈(刑法第192条)]非法使用非法占有欺诈手段,涉嫌有下列情形之一的,应当起诉:(1)个人集资诈骗,金额超过10万元; (2)单位集资诈骗,金额超过50万元。

根据裁判的纸质网络,涉及“资金来源”的刑事案件有139份裁判文件,其中涉及组织和主要金字塔计划的案件数量最多,达到86个;非法吸收公共存款罪和募集资金诈骗罪12起,其余为其他类型的犯罪。

王德义说,目前很多利用区块链技术筹集资金账户的项目已经崩溃,投资者难以收回损失。在这种情况下,投资者很难通过民事诉讼来维护自己的权益,只能要求公安机关提起刑事诉讼。这类案件的“受害者”遍布世界各地。这些基金的幕后控制者可能在国外或隐藏其真实身份。投资者投资的资金或代币可能由对方通过技术手段转让。即使公安机关提起调查案件,相关案件的处理也可能很长。

新京报记者张义新陈鹏编辑李维嘉校对范金春